CDC recommends COVID vaccine for teenagers age 5 to 11: What to know

FDA authorizes COVID vaccine for kids ages 5-11: What to know

Sarah Tew/CNET
For probably the most up-to-date information and details about the coronavirus pandemic, go to the WHO and CDC web sites.

A gathering of scientists and medical doctors who advise the US Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention voted Tuesday to advocate Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine for teenagers ages 5 to 11. Only some hours later, the CDC’s director, Dr. Rochelle Walensky, formally accepted the steering and opened the door for tens of millions of youngsters to be vaccinated in opposition to the coronavirus. 

The US Meals and Drug Administration approved Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine for youngsters ages 5 to 11 final week. 

The White Home shared its plan final week to get youngsters underneath 12 vaccinated in opposition to the coronavirus, saying it “will likely be prepared to start getting pictures in arms within the days following a closing CDC suggestion.” White Home COVID-19 response coordinator Jeff Zients stated at a press briefing this week that this system to get youngsters underneath 12 the vaccine will likely be operating the week of Nov. 8. 

Youngsters stay at low danger of extreme COVID-19 illness and loss of life in contrast with the grownup inhabitants. (Of states that reported information to the American Academy of Pediatrics, 0.1% to 2% of COVID-19 circumstances in kids resulted in hospitalization.) However kids can expertise issues from COVID-19, together with lengthy COVID and multisystem inflammatory syndrome. Youngsters ages 5 to 11 are additionally at the very least as prone to be contaminated with COVID-19 as adults are, in response to information shared at a gathering of FDA advisers previous to the authorization. 

There are additionally racial disparities in how sick kids get from COVID-19. Youngsters ages 5 to 11 who’re Black, Native American or Hispanic are thrice extra prone to be hospitalized with COVID-19 than white kids, in response to the presentation. Of youngsters ages 5 to 11 hospitalized with COVID-19, about one in three would require an ICU admission.

The CDC and FDA’s selections got here after a rigorous dialogue amongst its advisors on the protection and potential advantages and dangers of vaccinating kids with Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine. The vaccine, one-third the dose of Pfizer’s vaccine given to everybody else and given with two pictures three weeks aside, was discovered to be each protected and efficient at stopping COVID-19 (90.7%). No severe unwanted effects have been detected within the 3,100 kids ages 5 by way of 11 who acquired the vaccine as a part of an ongoing research. 

Whereas we look forward to closing suggestions for youthful youngsters, this is what we learn about COVID-19 vaccines for teenagers. 


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When will youngsters be capable to get a COVID-19 vaccine?

Now that each the FDA and CDC have signed off on COVID-19 pictures for teenagers ages 5 to 11, kids in that age group can get vaccinated. Nevertheless, on condition that Pfizer’s vaccine for youthful youngsters is a barely totally different components than the vaccine for adults, it might take a number of days for medical doctors’ places of work and clinics to have the vaccine in inventory. Jeff Zients stated the vaccine program for teenagers ages 5 to 11 will likely be “totally up and operating” the week of Nov. 8. 

Youngsters ages 12 and up have been in a position to get Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine for some time. The opposite mRNA vaccine, Moderna, and the one single-dose vaccine on the US market, Johnson & Johnson, aren’t out there for teenagers but.

Sure, dad and mom typically have to consent to their kids receiving medical care, which can embody Pfizer’s COVID-19 vaccine. That is very true for youthful kids. 

Nevertheless, when you have a teen or little one sufficiently old to precise a want to get a COVID-19 vaccine, however their want is totally different than yours, they could have authorized precedent to hunt one out, relying on which state you reside in

In Tennessee, the rights of minors versus their dad and mom in the case of vaccine selections got here underneath the highlight final summer time when the state’s vaccine director, Michelle Fiscus, was allegedly fired, partially, for sending out a memo explaining Tennessee’s “mature minor doctrine,” which is the state’s writing on how minors could search medical care with out the consent of their dad and mom in some circumstances. 

If my little one is immunocompromised or has a well being situation, can they get a booster? 

In case your little one is at the very least 12 years outdated, “reasonably or severely” immunocompromised and vaccinated with Pfizer, in response to the CDC, they need to get a 3rd dose of Pfizer. Moderna is simply approved for individuals aged 18 and older. Examples of people who find themselves immunocompromised embody individuals receiving therapy for cancers within the blood or tumors, organ transplant recipients, stem cell transplant recipients, individuals with untreated or superior HIV an infection and folks taking medication that might suppress the immune response, per the CDC. 

The boosters presently out there to some Individuals who acquired Moderna, Pfizer or Johnson & Johnson solely apply to adults age 18 or older. No minor is eligible for a booster. Moreover, a 3rd dose of Pfizer’s vaccine is not approved or really useful for immunocompromised kids ages 5 to 11. 

Does Pfizer’s full FDA approval prolong to youngsters?

The FDA’s approval of the vaccine by Pfizer and its associate, BioNTech, solely applies to individuals as younger as 16 years outdated. Whereas Pfizer stays the one vaccine approved to be used in youngsters as younger as 5 years outdated, vaccinating that age group remains to be underneath emergency use authorization relatively than complete approval. It’s because, together with different components, full FDA approval requires information on how the vaccine fares six months out, per NPR. Pfizer’s vaccine was solely approved for youngsters aged 12 to fifteen in Could. 

Which means that a vaccine mandate that hinges on full approval of a coronavirus vaccine, such because the one introduced for college youngsters in California, will not apply to youngsters youthful than 16 for some time.

My little one has allergy symptoms. Can they get the vaccine?

“If the kid has a historical past of anaphylaxis or different extreme allergy symptoms, then the remark time after the injection could also be half-hour as a substitute of 15,” Dr. Anne Liu, an infectious illness specialist with Stanford Hospital and Clinics and the Lucile Packard Youngsters’s Hospital, stated in August. So that you is perhaps requested to stay across the ready room together with your little one for an additional quarter-hour so well being care suppliers can monitor vaccine recipients for the (extraordinarily uncommon) allergic response that may happen after any vaccination. 

Moreover, Liu stated, kids who’re prescribed an EpiPen for any purpose ought to carry it to their vaccine appointment. 

In case your little one has a extreme allergy to any of the substances within the vaccine out there to them, they should not take it, in response to the World Well being Group. Adults allergic to any ingredient a COVID-19 additionally should not take that vaccine. 

Can my little one get the COVID-19 shot concurrently different vaccines?

Sure, in response to the CDC, your little one could get different vaccines after they go in for his or her coronavirus shot with out ready 14 days between appointments.


Moderna is testing its vaccine on kids aged 12 by way of 17.

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Ought to I fear about myocarditis? 

Myocarditis and pericarditis, or irritation within the coronary heart, is a uncommon facet impact linked to Moderna and Pfizer vaccines, principally in adolescent males and younger adults. After taking a look at information and weighing the dangers and advantages, the CDC nonetheless recommends everybody, together with kids as younger as 12, get vaccinated. In response to a Washington Submit report, the CDC and FDA are trying into Canadian information that implies Moderna may carry the next danger of myocarditis than Pfizer, primarily in younger individuals. 

When circumstances of myocarditis have occurred, Liu stated, the circumstances have usually responded to therapy and resolved themselves, even when sufferers have been hospitalized for a day or two. 

“COVID-19 an infection can have rather more severe penalties for the center than the vaccine,” Liu stated.

The federal government in Singapore, the place 82% of the inhabitants is totally vaccinated, recommends that folks, particularly adolescents and younger males, chorus from strenuous train for per week after their second dose of a COVID-19 vaccine. The CDC recommends chatting with a health care provider about when to return to sports activities or train following a prognosis of myocarditis.

If I am pregnant or breastfeeding, can I get vaccinated?

Sure, in response to the CDC, as a result of pregnant individuals are at a lot greater danger of extreme COVID-19 and issues, together with loss of life, than individuals who aren’t pregnant. 

Preliminary information shared by the CDC confirmed there was no elevated danger of miscarriage amongst those that bought an mRNA vaccine earlier than the twentieth week of being pregnant in contrast with those that did not. 

My little one cannot be vaccinated but. What ought to we do? 

When spending time with different households with kids, it is best if everybody continues to put on a masks, in response to Harvard Well being, and they need to isolate themselves if there is a COVID-19 publicity. Moreover, selecting extra out of doors actions and avoiding crowds, even when outside, can assist defend your youngsters. Dad and mom and older siblings who’re vaccinated also needs to masks as much as forestall breakthrough infections that may unfold to susceptible individuals who aren’t as protected, together with youngsters. 

The CDC has prioritized in-person studying for college kids this fall, and it has steering on prevention methods faculties ought to use to maintain college students and workers protected. 

Correction, Oct. 25: A earlier model of this story included a sentence implying incorrect details about out there vaccines for youngsters age 12 and older. Solely Pfizer’s vaccine is presently out there to youngsters ages 12 to 17.

The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.

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