How waterproof is my cellphone? What IP68, IP67 rankings imply on Android and iPhone

How waterproof is my phone? What IP68, IP67 ratings mean on Android and iPhone


Andrew Hoyle/CNET

When you’ve ever ruined an costly cellphone by spilling some scrumptious craft beer throughout it you then’ll know precisely how vital water resistance on a cellphone could be. Whereas waterproofing was a function discovered solely on these chunky rugged telephones geared toward development staff, now you will discover it constructed to differing extents into most mainstream telephones, together with the iPhone 13 Professional, Galaxy S21 Extremely and the brand new Pixel 6 and Pixel 6 Professional.

However not all telephones can face up to a dunking and a few ought to keep away from being close to water altogether. When you’ve shopped for a cellphone lately you then’ll have come throughout phrases like “waterproof” in addition to the now widespread IP67, IP68 or IPX8 rankings. However what do these rankings actually imply and, crucially, how waterproof is your costly new iPhone?

Let’s break down the jargon and discover out. 

What does IP67, IP68 and IPX8 imply?

IP, or ingress safety rankings (often known as worldwide safety rankings), are a normal set forth by the Worldwide Electrotechnical Fee. In accordance with the group, the codes are designed as a “system for classifying the levels of safety offered by the enclosures {of electrical} gear.”

The primary quantity within the ranking code represents the diploma of safety offered towards the entry of international strong objects, resembling fingers or mud. These safety ranges vary from 0 to six.

The second quantity represents the diploma of safety towards the entry of moisture or liquid, with safety ranges starting from 0 by means of 8.

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Nothing’s earbuds are IPX4 rated, which is sufficient to hold them protected from sweat throughout your exercises.


Andrew Hoyle/CNET

Typically you will see an IP ranking with a quantity changed with an X, resembling IPX8. On this occasion, an organization hasn’t offered testing particulars so the ranking quantity is changed with an X. An IPX8-rated gadget then can survive being submerged in water, but it surely hasn’t formally been rated for any safety from mud. 

The iPhone 13 Professional, for instance, has an IP68 ranking, which means it is shielded from mud getting inside and might face up to being submerged in water. The Galaxy S21 Extremely can be IP68 rated. So that they’re equally waterproof, proper? Effectively, no, that is the place it will get complicated. 

For an 8 on the IP ranking, the IEC calls for a tool can face up to being submerged in no less than 1 meter of water for half-hour. Past that, it is as much as the producer. The S21 Extremely could be submerged in as much as 1.5 meters of water for half-hour, whereas Apple says the iPhone 12 Professional Max is protected in as much as 6 meters of water for as much as half-hour. So whereas any cellphone with an IP ranking can have needed to hit the minimal threshold, it is vital to test the advantageous print and see precisely what your cellphone presents. 

For additional particulars of all of the IP rankings, you possibly can see charts on the finish of this text that define the entire safety ranges set by the IEC.

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The iPhone 12 Professional Max could be submerged in water as much as 6 meters deep for as much as half-hour at a time. 


Andrew Hoyle/CNET

Can I’m going swimming with my iPhone?

Whereas the iPhone 13 Professional’s marketed 6 meters of water-resistance may make it appear to be you possibly can slip one into your swim shorts and hit the pool, you would be properly suggested to depart it out of the water. The IP ranking is examined in managed situations, in water with no motion. Transferring your cellphone within the water will add extra water strain, making it extra doubtless that water might discover its means in and do irreparable injury to your cellphone. 

The IP exams are additionally completed utilizing contemporary water. Most swimming pools can have extra chemical compounds resembling chlorine, which might make a distinction to your cellphone’s resistance. And it’s best to completely hold your cellphone out of the ocean; That salt water might trigger numerous bother, together with degrading the metallic elements in your charging port. 

Even when your cellphone has the highest IP68 resistance ranking, it is nonetheless good follow to deal with the function as a backup in case of emergencies. Your cellphone will not be designed to go snorkeling, so do not strive utilizing the digicam to snag photos of starfish or no matter. Nor do you have to attempt to report TikTok movies of your self leaping off the excessive dive into the deep finish. It is there for when accidents occur like when a drink will get spilled or it is advisable take a name within the pouring rain. 

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The OnePlus Nord 2 doesn’t have any said resistance to water — hold telephones like this further protected while you’re round liquids.


Andrew Hoyle/CNET

My cellphone does not have an IP ranking. Can it get moist? 

To ensure that an organization to promote that their product has an IP ranking in any respect, it must have undergone strict exams to make sure it meets the necessities. These exams could be each well timed and expensive, so it is comprehensible that some firms merely do not need to spend the money, significantly in the case of extra budget-focused fashions.

Some telephones — together with Motorola’s Moto G50 — use phrases like “water-repellent” or “waterproof” with out an official IP ranking. These handsets could make use of strategies like rubberized seals or water-repellent nano coating to maintain moisture at bay. Whereas these telephones could properly survive an unintended dunking, it is value conserving them protected from being totally submerged in water. However you should not want to fret an excessive amount of about taking calls within the rain. 

In case your cellphone makes no point out of water resistance then it is protected to imagine that there’s no and it’s best to take as a lot care as you possibly can round liquids. 

Strong safety

IP Code Safety Object measurement
0 No safety. N/A
1 Safety from contact with any massive floor of the physique, such because the again of a hand. However no safety towards deliberate contact with a physique half, resembling a finger. Lower than 50mm
2 Safety from fingers or related objects. Lower than 12.5mm
3 Safety from instruments, thick wires or related objects. Lower than 2.5mm
4 Safety from most wires, screws or related objects. Lower than 1mm
5 Partial safety from contact with dangerous mud. N/A
6 Safety from contact with dangerous mud. N/A

Moisture safety

IP Code Safety Check period Utilization
0 No safety. N/A N/A
1 Safety towards vertically dripping water. 10 minutes Gentle rain
2 Safety towards vertically dripping water when gadget is tilted at an angle as much as 15 levels. 10 minutes Gentle rain
3 Safety towards direct sprays of water when gadget is tilted at an angle as much as 60 levels. 5 minutes Rain and spraying
4 Safety from sprays and splashing of water in all instructions. 5 minutes Rain, spraying and splashing
5 Safety from low-pressure water projected from a nozzle with a 6.3mm diameter opening in any path. 3 minutes from a distance of three meters Rain, splashing and direct contact with most kitchen and loo taps
6 Safety from water projected in highly effective jets from a nozzle with a 12.5mm diameter opening in any path. 3 minutes from a distance of three meters Rain, splashing, direct contact with kitchen and loo taps, out of doors use in tough sea situations
7 Protected against immersion in water with a depth of as much as 1 meter (or 3.3 ft) for as much as 30 minutes. 30 minutes Rain, splashing and unintended submersion
8 Protected against immersion in water with a depth of greater than 1 meter (producer should specify actual depth). Not less than 30 minutes Rain, splashing and unintended submersion

This text was initially printed in April 2015 and is up to date periodically to incorporate new gadgets.

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