Moderna requests authorization of its COVID-19 vaccine booster for all adults. What to know

Moderna requests authorization of its COVID-19 vaccine booster for all adults. What to know

Moderna boosters are right here.

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For probably the most up-to-date information and details about the coronavirus pandemic, go to the WHO and CDC web sites.

Moderna on Wednesday requested the Meals and Drug Administration for emergency authorization of its COVID-19 booster shot for all adults. Extra states proceed broadening the rules for who’s eligible to get a booster dose. Meaning you would possibly already be eligible to get an additional dose of the Moderna vaccine — or one other vaccine model — to additional defend your self. We’ll stroll you thru who meets the rules for receiving the Moderna booster dose and when you will get it. We’ll additionally clarify mixing and matching vaccines from the totally different drug-makers.

Authorization for the Moderna, Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson booster photographs — together with Pfizer vaccines for teenagers — comes at a time when the lethal and contagious delta variant retains its maintain on the US, inflicting hospitals in some states to as soon as once more buckle. Epidemiologists fear about one other wave of COVID-19 infections as chilly climate drives individuals indoors and because the annual flu season kicks in, socking immune techniques.

The FDA-approved COVID-19 vaccines have confirmed to be extremely efficient in stopping hospitalization, and those that are unvaccinated are 10 occasions extra more likely to be hospitalized if contaminated. With the federal vaccine mandates, the Biden administration goals to counter the surge and put strain on anybody who hasn’t been vaccinated. Antiviral medication may additionally assist.

We’ll clarify all the main points on Moderna’s COVID-19 booster shot. For extra on COVID-19, this is the most recent on COVID-19 vaccines for teenagers, what to do in case you misplaced your vaccination card, the distinction between a booster and a 3rd dose and what to find out about breakthrough infections

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Who can get a Moderna COVID-19 booster shot today?

The FDA authorized a Moderna vaccine booster for Moderna recipients age 65 years of age and older, and adults who are at high risk because of severe illness or exposure in their work setting. Additionally, all Johnson & Johnson recipients age 18 and older will also be able to get a Moderna booster two months after being vaccinated, and will be eligible for Pfizer’s booster, too. Those who are eligible can get their shots now. 

The CDC recommends the following people get their booster shot six months after they’ve been fully vaccinated with either Pfizer or Moderna:

  • 65 years and older
  • 18 or older who live in long-term care settings
  • 18 or older who have underlying medical conditions
  • 18 or older who work or live in high-risk settings

If you live in one of these states, you can get a booster shot

So far, 13 states are allowing all adults — those age 18 and older — to get a booster shot of the COVID-19 vaccine. They’re eligible if it’s been at least six months since they’ve received their second dose of either the Moderna or Pfizer vaccine. Those who received the Johnson & Johnson vaccine are eligible for a booster dose after two months. Adults are encouraged to get whatever booster dose is available to them, even if that means mixing and matching vaccine boosters (more below). Here are the states currently authorizing booster doses for all adults:

  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Minnesota
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • Rhode Island
  • West Virginia

Yes, you can now mix and match vaccine boosters

The FDA has authorized mixing COVID-19 boosters, which in the US means Moderna, Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson. Anyone eligible for a booster can get any of the available brands of coronavirus vaccines. If you initially received Johnson & Johnson and it’s been two months or longer since you received the initial dose, you’ll be able to get the Moderna or Pfizer booster. If you received Moderna or Pfizer for your first two shots, you could pick any authorized vaccine — including J&J — if you qualify and it’s been six months or longer since your second shot.

What does the Moderna booster vaccine do?

A COVID-19 booster shot — whether from Moderna, Pfizer or Johnson & Johnson — tops off your immune response and guards against a breakthrough COVID-19 infection as the vaccine’s effectiveness decreases over time.

Recent studies of the Pfizer and AstraZeneca vaccines show that their effectiveness can begin to wane after six months. Moderna said early data suggests that those who received the Moderna vaccine in 2020 are showing a higher rate of breakthrough COVID infections than those vaccinated this year, suggesting the need for a booster to maintain high levels of protection.

Is the Moderna booster shot the same as the original two COVID-19 doses?

Yes, almost. As with Pfizer’s booster, the third Moderna shot will be the same vaccine as the first two doses, except it’ll be a half dose. To make your life simpler, Moderna is also working on a combination shot that includes this year’s flu vaccine and its COVID-19 booster vaccine, but that is not available right now.

Where can I get the Moderna booster shot now?

According to the White House, boosters will be available at roughly 80,000 places across the country, including over 40,000 local pharmacies. Some 90% of Americans have a vaccine site within 5 miles of where they live. You can check to see which vaccines are available where, or call 800-232-0233 for vaccine information.

Is the Moderna COVID-19 booster shot free, or will I have to pay?

All booster shots will be free, regardless of immigration or health insurance status. However, depending on where you get your booster shot — for example, at a local pharmacy — you may be asked to log your insurance status. You may be asked to provide your insurance card information, including your name, date of birth and membership number. You will not be charged for your COVID-19 vaccine or booster shot.

Will I eventually need a fourth COVID booster shot?

The CDC updated its guidance to say that next year, some immunocompromised people will be able to get a fourth COVID-19 booster shot. It’s unclear if other groups will need to get a fourth dose at this time. 

For more on coronavirus treatments and vaccines, here’s what we know about monoclonal antibody treatments, the new federal vaccine mandates and why some people may not want the shot.

CNET’s Jessica Rendall contributed to this article.

The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.

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