US Military’s ‘tremendous vaccine’ may defend in opposition to all COVID variants. What do we all know?

New COVID variant: What is omicron, where has it spread, are vaccines effective?

The Military’s COVID vaccine may defend in opposition to present and future strains of COVID, in addition to different coronaviruses

Marcy Sanchez/US Military

For probably the most up-to-date information and details about the coronavirus pandemic, go to the WHO and CDC web sites.

White Home Chief Medical Adviser Dr. Anthony Fauci on Tuesday underscored the federal government’s funding in a common COVID-19 vaccine that might efficiently fight all variants.

Testifying earlier than the Senate Well being Committee on the federal response to new COVID-19 strains, Fauci mentioned there was a concerted effort to develop “the subsequent technology of vaccines, notably common coronavirus vaccines — or a minimum of common SARS COVID-2 vaccines — so we can’t be chasing after the subsequent variant [and] we’ll have the ability to have a vaccine with the potential of responding to each iteration of a variant.”

In December, the US Military introduced {that a} “pan-coronavirus vaccine,” the spike ferritin nanoparticle COVID-19 vaccine, aka SpFN, had accomplished Part 1 of human trials with optimistic outcomes. 

Dr. Kayvon Modjarrad, director of infectious ailments on the Walter Reed Military Institute of Analysis and co-inventor of SpFN, instructed Protection One, “We’re testing our vaccine in opposition to all of the completely different variants, together with omicron,” the pressure inflicting breakthrough infections, even in individuals who have acquired booster pictures. 

SpFN nonetheless must bear Part 2 and three human trials, although, to check its efficacy and security compared to present therapies, Modjarrad mentioned. 

The Military is not solely gunning for COVID-19: Scientists at Walter Reed are designing the vaccine to be adaptable for all viruses within the coronavirus household, together with SARS, a doubtlessly lethal sickness that contaminated greater than 8,000 folks throughout its final large outbreak in 2003

We’ll share what we all know in regards to the Military’s COVID-19 vaccine, together with the way it works and when it may turn out to be obtainable.

For extra, this is what we all know in regards to the omicron variant as we speak and the evolving definition of what it means to be “absolutely vaccinated” in opposition to COVID-19.

What’s the US Military COVID-19 vaccine?

The three vaccines licensed proper now to be used within the US take two approaches to stopping COVID-19 an infection: The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines use mRNA to construct up immunity, whereas the Johnson & Johnson vaccine makes use of a innocent rhinovirus to coach the physique’s immune system to reply to COVID.

The Spike Ferritin Nanoparticle COVID-19 vaccine, or SpFN, takes a 3rd method, utilizing a innocent portion of the COVID-19 virus to spur the physique’s defenses in opposition to COVID.

SpFN additionally has much less restrictive storage and dealing with necessities than the Moderna and Pfizer vaccines, permitting it for use in a greater diversity of conditions. It may be saved between 36 and 46 levels Fahrenheit for as much as six months and at room temperature for as much as one month, based on navy scientists. Pfizer’s vaccine requires an ultracold freezer (between minus 112 and minus 76 levels F) for cargo and storage and is barely secure for 31 days when saved in a fridge.

The Military’s vaccine has been examined with two pictures, 28 days aside, and likewise with a 3rd shot after six months.

Will the Military vaccine work in opposition to completely different strains of COVID-19 like omicron and different coronaviruses?

SpFN is being examined in people in opposition to the omicron variant, based on Modjarrad, and has proven optimistic outcomes.

The vaccines from Moderna, Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson all goal the particular virus — SARS-CoV-2 — that causes COVID-19. However Military scientists designed their vaccine to be “pan-coronavirus,” that means it may defend in opposition to future strains of COVID in addition to different coronaviruses.

“The accelerating emergence of human coronaviruses all through the previous 20 years and the rise of SARS-CoV-2 variants, together with most just lately omicron, underscore the continued want for next-generation preemptive vaccines that confer broad safety in opposition to coronavirus ailments,” Modjarrad mentioned in an announcement final month. “Our technique has been to develop a ‘pan-coronavirus’ vaccine expertise that might doubtlessly supply protected, efficient and sturdy safety in opposition to a number of coronavirus strains and species.”

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When will the Army’s COVID vaccine be available?

No date has been set. SpFN successfully completed animal testing and wrapped Phase 1 of human trials in December, but it must still complete Phases 2 and 3 of human testing, when its safety and efficacy is compared to current vaccine options. 

Normally, completing all three phases can take up to five years, but the urgency of the COVID-19 pandemic is speeding up the process. The Moderna, Pfizer and Johnson & Johnson vaccines, for example, were tested, reviewed and authorized by the Food and Drug Administration over the course of one year. 

What happens next with the Army SpFN vaccine?

After data from the Phase 1 human trials is collected, analyzed and published, Phase 2 and 3 trials will begin. There is very little information so far on when or how those trials will proceed or if the phases will overlap.

To follow the progress of the Army vaccine trials, visit the SpFN COVID-19 Vaccine Tracker provided by the US Army Medical Research and Development Command.

For more on COVID-19, here’s what we know about how the CDC defines being fully vaccinated, how to store your vaccine card on your phone, and what we still don’t know about the virus after two years.

The information contained in this article is for educational and informational purposes only and is not intended as health or medical advice. Always consult a physician or other qualified health provider regarding any questions you may have about a medical condition or health objectives.

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